Technology and IT trends to expect in 2022

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Technology is at the heart of what businesses are looking for, and new technology trends are emerging for 2022. These innovations largely reflect the changing realities in the world. Technology is evolving rapidly, and new inventions promise to change lives and be accessible to all. Technologies take time to develop and create. That’s why we hear about new technologies first, before they hit the market. In this article, we describe the most important technology trends for 2022. 

Whether you are a CTO looking for a way to benefit from new technologies or an entrepreneur trying to find the best new technologies for your business, you need to know what to invest in. All the technological innovations are coming up quicker than you can keep following them. 

Pandemic impact

During the pandemic, the principles of software development have evolved. Organizations are moving to new digital business models, while top IT companies are creating new offerings. In this context, IT teams are under constant pressure to rapidly deliver new digital capabilities and create more dynamic customer experiences than ever before. 

For most companies, the impact of the pandemic has accelerated the digital transformation process. Forrester says that software development will focus on event-driven architectures, consolidated DevOps pipelines, and AI bots to continue to meet the needs of the business. 

Read also our article: How Global Pandemic Changed the Way We Look at IT Outsourcing

At the same time, Deloitte’s Tech Trends 2022 shows that by working smarter, companies can shift their focus to driving innovation to differentiate themselves both inside and outside the enterprise. Below, we outline the key predictions. So here are the future technologies for software development that experts say you should look out for in 2022.

EDA, DevOps toolchains, AI bots in Forrester’s predictions

At least one-third of enterprises will rely on event-driven architectures in 2022, according to Forrester’s analysis. The growth of distributed application architectures is reaching its limits when only synchronous APIs are used for integration, as they are vulnerable and not scalable. 

In recent years, EDA has gained interest as it overcomes this threshold through APIs and microservices. Forrester predicts this interest will increase in 2022. 35% of enterprises place a high priority on event-driven architectures. The global research firm predicts that half of the development teams will move to consolidated DevOps toolchains. More and more software developers are using holistic toolchains. They enable automated management and compliance, further adoption of GitOps, and the use of value stream management tools.

Forrester predicts that by 2022, 50% of companies will rely on toolchains. Almost all development tools will get an AI bot, the global research firm predicts. In 2021, a controlled test of GitHub Copilot, IBM AI for Code and AI Stack, as well as Oracle’s release of a query language generator, began a new era for developers focused on using AI. This is in pursuit of the longer-term goal of using AI in continuous testing. The experts expect AI bots to be found in almost all development tools, adding natural language and other features to the developer toolbox. 

IT optimization, cyber AI, cloud goes vertical – Deloitte prediction 

Deloitte’s 13th annual Tech Trends report shows that working smarter will help companies shift their focus to driving innovation, gain an edge and differentiate themselves. The analysis shows the opportunities, and tools that are being leveraged to shape a technology-enabled future. According to Deloitte, based on lessons learned from the initial response to the crisis COVID -19, the most progressive companies continue to challenge existing ways of working by automating and outsourcing business processes to increasingly powerful technologies. They are leveraging the cloud, AI security, and data-driven analytics in an environment of great uncertainty. 

Optimizing IT

Optimizing IT will be one of the trends. Utilizing AI, automation, and machine learning in internal processes, software engineers can focus rather on strategic projects while improving operational work. In 2022, companies are expected to automate on a large scale, according to the Deloitte report. Forward-thinking IT services companies are moving away from human response to tickets to a hybrid model of self-service and technical automation. They identify repetitive, manual processes and deploy automation and self-service systems. In this way, they achieve faster time to value and a more effective and robust IT system. By moving to automation, companies will be able to manage complex projects more effectively and improve customer experience. 

Cyber AI

Cyber AI for true defense will be another tech trend. As companies have to deal with remote security breaches, cyber AI can help IT security teams to respond quicker than cyber attackers can move, and anticipate attacks. 

The number of internet-connected devices is increasing as remote working becomes more prevalent. In this context, third-party attacks are becoming more malicious. IT security teams could face a greater number of cyber attacks and a higher level of difficulty and sophistication. Cyber AI can also help accelerate Big Data analysis and detect threats. 

These new AI techniques will help IT, teams, to focus on cyber attack prevention and build a more resilient security posture. In addition, when AI is deployed across the enterprise, it can also be utilized to combat AI-powered attacks. 

According to Deloitte, the cloud will go vertical this year. Deploying industry-specific cloud solutions will help businesses to automate repetitive tasks and move their focus to strategic tasks. Cloud and software providers are now offering industry-specific solutions to drive innovation and modernize legacy processes. 

The digital transformation has evolved from meeting a company’s needs in software to meeting the specific operational needs of each of its departments. SaaS providers are partnering with global systems integrators to offer companies vertical-specific services that can be quickly adopted and help them to gain a competitive difference. Having this trend, application delivery will become a process of assembling rather than a pure creation. Meanwhile, cloud services providers and software vendors create a range of cloud-based solutions and APIs that are preconfigured to support common use cases in vertical industries.

Cybersecurity

Despite advances in technology, businesses still struggle with IT security vulnerabilities. As the world becomes more connected and more employees work remotely during the Covid 19 crisis, it is imperative that companies develop new approaches to their network security. Ransomware attacks are expected to cost businesses a staggering $6 trillion by 2021. 

As a result, cybersecurity will become more important in 2022 than ever before. Organizations will need to take a more complex approach to address cybersecurity challenges. Traditional methods like anti-malware applications will no longer suffice. Malicious attackers are working with smarter techniques and this requires more robust cybersecurity. 

One mechanism that is expected to become more prevalent is the Cybersecurity Mesh. This flexible and new architecture integrates IT security services. This new architecture brings world-class, standalone security services to the workplace and improves overall security processes. Using this architecture makes identity validation, context, and compliance more reliable in cloud environments. 

Cybersecurity Mesh means that security measures are deployed and tested for each distributed network access module of the application. In this strategy, DevOp teams incorporate security testing into development to ensure that vulnerabilities are not introduced into the process. By using cybersecurity mesh technology, organizations are better able to protect data and information both inside and outside the corporate walls.

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Automation

Automation technology has entered our daily lives in many ways without most of us even realizing it. Much of all existing tasks across various industries could be automated in the next few decades as a new level of process automation becomes commonplace. Automation allows companies to reduce the workload of employees while achieving higher productivity. It is one of the technologies that have tremendous potential, although it still relies on software experts to get it set up and running. Automation helps reduce tedious processes that used to have to be done by human employees. This can be anything from checking files to filling in large amounts of data. AI applications cover various use cases and their utilization depends on the industry.

Automation is a powerful productivity driver in software development too. Concepts such as Robotic Process Automation, Low Code, Cognitive Capture, Embedded AI, IoT, or AIOps can become essential in the near future, according to this study. This trend will spread from large corporations to smaller companies. The implementation of process intelligence and automated data capture will shape the business world. 

RPA technology is booming in the technology industry and allows businesses to achieve greater efficiency. The trend is being used for redundant tasks and is best suited for machines. It also helps in speeding up the production capacity. One of the top benefits of RPA is that teams can devote more time to creative processes and strategy instead of spending time on repetitive tasks. 

Advanced applications of artificial intelligence

Advanced applications of artificial intelligence might be one of the biggest trends in 2022. It allows companies to reduce costs while increasing efficiency. As Artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated and more similar to human intelligence, a new form will gain popularity: generative AI. Unlike traditional AI models that merely understand and replicate repetitive patterns, generative AI is capable of generating entirely new material. It uses the principle of AI learning patterns to identify how inputs are related and based on this it generates new content from code, images, text, or video inputs. 

The ability of AI to learn and recognize new patterns can accelerate recognition, analysis, and response. In 2022, we can expect to see an explosion of AI-driven devices, apps, websites, and tools. One of the most developed applications of generative AI is online customer service. Chatbots on e-commerce websites could be so human-like that it would be virtually impossible to tell an AI chatbot from a human employee. Social media algorithms will become much smarter with AI and will provide more accurate content recommendations. This could lead to an even more personalized experience for customers. 

In 2022, we can also see more AI being used to drive business value through a combination of strong AI governance and technology. We will see more decision intelligence, an approach to improving decision-making in the enterprise, experts say. These models treat each decision as a series of processes combined with analytics to support and enhance human decision-making and automate it using advanced analytics, and simulations. AI technologies have the potential to transform any industry by helping companies achieve their goals, make critical decisions, and develop innovative products and services.

Augmented reality for online shopping

With the help of augmented reality, e-commerce websites can create realistic 3D models of products. AR technologies allow online shoppers to see the product online as if they were holding it in their hands. This gives shoppers a more accurate idea of the product they are about to buy and actually encourages them to buy the things they were hesitant about. 

Virtual reality for everyone

Thanks to more affordable technology, AI technology, and faster internet connections, virtual reality is becoming increasingly available and realistic. Nowadays, VR technology can be used in areas other than entertainment. For example, scientists and medical professionals can use this technology to research complex topics. Office workers can use VR to participate in virtual meetings. AI and top-notch animation technologies help create more realistic video and 3D image content. Virtual reality is sure to become more prevalent in various industries.

5G technology

The demand for high-speed internet, smart homes, and city systems have driven the creation of 5G technologies. The adoption of 5G is poised to become the new standard for wireless technologies. According to Statista, the global market for 5G technology is expected to reach $620.72 billion by 2030. It enables customers with user-friendly benefits like faster performance speed, faster data transfer, and lower latency. 2022 might be the year that 5G technology takes hold around the world. 5G will provide highly reliable bandwidth connectivity that will help employers go digital in the remote working era.

Cloud Computing

Migrating to the cloud is not one of the modern software trends. More and more companies are opting for cloud computing. This trend will continue to grow in 2022. According to Statista, the global public cloud computing market has been on the rise. It is expected to reach $482 billion in 2022. AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure, and GCP (Google Cloud Platform) are the industry leaders.

Enterprises use cloud computing for machine learning and artificial intelligence, data analytics, and application migration. The benefits of cloud computing are cost efficiency, as companies do not need dedicated hardware to store enterprise data and do not need to hire support staff; scalability, as they can expand data storage at any time while purchasing additional hardware can take some time; and lower risk of data loss thanks to regular backups.

Read also our article: AWS cost optimisation tool to reduce cloud costs

Software for building low-code apps

Mobile apps are one of the most important virtual assets of a business. However, app development has been expensive. Extensive knowledge of programming languages has always been a hindrance. Companies had to either have an in-house software development team or have a sufficient financial budget to outsource the project to a vendor. And small businesses could not afford to launch a mobile app.

In this context, low-code and no-code software development techniques are becoming more and more popular. They rely on visual elements to build software, such as drag and drop. Low-code development platforms offer preset templates and features that users can move into their app. While you should not expect code-based software to disappear soon, low-code alternatives can reduce the time required to develop an application. It also makes technology accessible to anyone with a creative idea, rather than just whole teams of software engineers. These services will democratize app development and help businesses connect with their customers online.

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The modern trends in web development can change the way businesses interact with their online customers. Almost all the trends that experts predict for 2022 focus on optimizing the user experience for different devices. The global mobile app market will continue to grow in the coming years. According to Statista, global mobile app revenue is expected to reach $613 billion by 2025, up from $318 billion in 2020. This growth provides mobile app development companies with many opportunities to improve their software and deliver a world-class experience to their users. The strongest segment this year was mobile gaming, followed by social networking mobile apps. 

Read also our article What are the trends in the custom software development market?

Single-page applications

Single-page applications are considered one of the latest trends in the industry. SPAs are JavaScript-based applications that load an HTML page into a user’s browser and dynamically refresh the content as needed without refreshing the page. Since these applications are used by Google, Facebook, and Twitter, they have become very popular in the web development industry. Single-page applications are relatively quick to develop and consume less space on servers while offering customers needed information on a single page.

Read also our analysis React vs Vue – the guide to choosing the right framework for app development

API-First Development

API-first development has gained a place among software development trends as the IT industry shifts to real-time data processing, continuous delivery, and microservices. API-first is an approach to software development that focuses on app programming interfaces. It ensures that your web application’s API is consistent, reusable, developer-friendly, and ensures compatibility, and broad API adoption. APIs are used to add more functionality to the application and make it run on a function-specific basis. In the API-first approach, developers first program the API that serves as the foundation. Once it is deployed, they extend the functionality as independent services or improve automation. This provides more flexibility, scalability, and lower development costs. APIs are an essential part of a microservices-based architecture. Therefore, software developers need to ensure that application APIs integrate smoothly with web applications.

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When we talk about software development technologies, we simply cannot leave out the two dominant programming languages – Python and JavaScript (Google Trends analysis on Github). Although Python and JavaScript cannot be called the latest software development technologies, they will remain relevant for a long time thanks to their constant evolution. Python is currently at the top of the popularity scale of programming languages. Python is, probably, the easiest programming language to learn. That’s why it is the language of choice for new software developers.

Along with JavaScript experts, Python developers are also the most searched by CTOs looking to hire software engineers. JavaScript is the second most popular programming language on the market, according to the analysis cited above. JavaScript is constantly improving as a programming language to meet the evolving needs of the IT industry. JavaScript is used by several tech giants, and it provides developers with many frameworks and tools for application and web development. JavaScript is most commonly used for app development. JavaScript development can be used in a wide range of industries. 

Read also our analysis Python vs Node.js: what backend technology to choose in 2022?

Demand for outsourcing will continue to increase

According to the Software Products Global Market Report 2021, the global software industry is expected to reach $536.24 billion by 2022, with the market for offshore software development services growing at 11.7%. Many companies do not have the required resources to keep up with the ever-changing demands of the industry. Since it is difficult to find talented IT specialists in the local market, companies are turning to software development outsourcing companies with highly skilled programmers. Startups in particular can benefit from proven skills and experience without being burdened by salaries and IT costs.

Moreover, outsourcing is a better option than hiring freelancers if the startup founder is not ready to take on the role of CTO. Outsourcing helps companies gain access to the most qualified IT specialists while focusing on their core competencies. Outsourced teams can handle a variety of tasks, including app development, testing, and product management, and are proficient in a variety of programming languages. Outsourcing software development to professionals from IT companies has been on the rise for years and will become even more popular this year. 

Read also our article Why Lviv is the best destination for IT outsourcing

Remote-First

Due to the COVID-19 crisis, most companies have moved to have their employees work remotely. This situation will drive most remote working companies to develop a digital-first and remote-first approach. This will accelerate their response with personalized and powerful customer service that must be scalable to meet the fully digital experience. With consumers spending much of their lives online, there is a new impetus to deliver personalized experiences to them. Web app development trends reflect this digital shift and focus on user satisfaction. Incorporating these latest trends into app features will help businesses succeed in 2022. 

As we have seen, there are a number of IT trends that have emerged as a result of the pandemic and the ongoing digitization of businesses. We will continue to see the accelerated digitization of businesses and society. This includes the use of the cloud, cybersecurity measures, automation, SPA, and the development of API-first apps. This year, the Covid crisis will continue to impact the way organizations do business and how their specialists work. 

The need for Big Data and higher computing and networking speeds will be the key drivers of digital transformation. As digitization increases, these trends will lead many companies into the future of technology. To keep up with the trends in app development, you can hire our custom software developers with years of experience. By keeping up with the trends in app development, we will ensure that your web app delights your customers. As an IT company, we will continue to provide quality custom software development services in 2022 with flexibility, agility, and innovative thinking.

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