Javascript, Technology

Most popular JavaScript frameworks in 2020

Share via:

What is a framework in programming? Frameworks are ready presets of code that can be customized according to your needs to build an app or any other software product. Frameworks may include compilers, code libraries, toolsets, and APIs that bring together all the different components for project development. Their key benefits in JavaScript development are: 

  • no need to start coding from scratch
  • extendability
  • time and cost-effectiveness
  • reusability
  • ability to deal with the newest technology and patterns. 

What is a Javascript framework?

Nowadays programmers are using frontend Javascript frameworks for web apps and custom software development, and stand independent in this competitive era of marketing.

The javascript framework is a functionality that provides JS developers with a set of predefined codes to achieve some everyday development tasks. They are used for: 

  • Development of large apps that must be scaled
  • Adding interactivity to dynamic websites  
  • Creating mobile apps
  • Server-side rendering and programming
  • Development of games
  • Developing server apps

List of the Most Popular Javascript Frameworks in 2020

As Javascript continues to evolve as one of the most popular coding languages, it is no wonder its frameworks are expanding and growing. Some frontend frameworks have growing communities, while others are only starting to emerge. Online business owners often are looking to know what are the best Javascript frameworks in 2020? Here is our investigation and our top list. 

Popularity Trends

The following Google’s search trends graph represent search interest for React, Angular, Vue, React and NodeJS during the last 12 months (a value of 100 is the peak popularity for the term).

Google trends: javascript frameworks

React continues to keep top popularity scores, while Angular is still hot and is quite close to its main competitor.

In the meantime Vue.js is something lots of developers are consider to learn next as Web Framework, according to Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey

List of top JS frameworks

Node JS is not in that list, as it’s not really a Web Framework, it’s a runtime environment to execute JavaScript, mostly used as command line tools and for server-side development. For the second year in a row, in the same survey, Node.js takes the top spot, as it is used by half of the respondents.

Developers' ranking of frameworks

Twitter, Aliexpress, BBC and more than other 183 000 websites are using NodeJS. Let’s have a deeper look on each one.

React

React is not a framework in a pure sense of this meaning, it’s rather a declarative and flexible JavaScript library designed for building user interfaces of web and mobile apps. An important distinction between React and other frameworks is that it is mostly focused on rendering of the UI and it does not impose any restrictions on your app design and you can supplement it with other JS libraries. 

On the other hand, a framework implies structure and convention that developers must follow. In some cases a framework creates limits, as it might be difficult to mix a framework with other JavaScript code.

As a lightweight JavaScript library, React enables the development of reusable UI components which include data that will be changing over time. React.js is used to render views, such as HTML pages, dynamically based on some data. Your components tell the library what you want to render. When your data changes, React will update and render only the right components.

React.js was developed by Facebook and first deployed on Facebook’s newsfeed in 2011 and one year later on Instagram. Today, React.js holds a leading position in the javascript frameworks list. To see how this technology became popular, let’s have a look at a recent developers survey made by global tech platform Stack Overflow. React appeared to be the most trending and wanted technologies.

React.js is a simple, fast, and scalable solution. The component-based approach, use of plain JavaScript, and well-defined lifecycle make React.js very simple to build web and mobile apps. It uses a specific syntax, JSX which allows you to mix HTML with JavaScript code. React is a perfect choice for complex web development, where you need to handle the view layer for web and mobile applications. 

React uses one-way data binding. It’s popular extension, Redux, controls the flow of data to components through one control point. This way of working makes it easier to debug self-contained components of large applications.

All the applications built with ReactJS are super easy to test. Developers can treat React views as functions of the state. So, they play with the state they pass to React view and test the output and triggered actions, functions, or events.

Last, but not least, a strong advantage of React is cross-platform development. React Native combines the best parts of native development with React, so you can develop IOS, Android, and Web applications at the same time.

Angular

As opposed to React, Angular is an all-in-one JavaScript framework, with state-management, routing, XSS protection, HTTP module, form validation, and many more. Angular is a structural framework used for the development of dynamic web applications. Angular allows developers to use HTML as your template language and extend its syntax to express the app’s components. While React provides you just the view, Angular enables the Model View Controller design pattern.

Angular 2, a major upgrade of AngularJS, is a complete JavaScript front-end framework. The first version of Angular, initially released in 2010, was written in JavaScript, but later Google developers’ team decided to rewrite all the applications from scratch using Typescript. As a result, they released the second version of Angular. This framework is mainly maintained by Google and by a community of developers and companies to address the challenges encountered in apps development.

Angular 2 is built on TypeScript, which uses ES6 syntax and compiles to vanilla JavaScript. Typescript allows us to write a class, interface, and module statements just like in Java or C#. It boosts the performance of the technical solution as the code written in Typescript is less inclined to run-time errors. Angular 2.0 is highly appreciated amongst coders and businesses for its high functioning solutions. It is widely adopted nowadays for web and mobile app development.

There are several major blocks of Angular architecture. A module, similar to a class, described by a block of code, is used to perform a particular single task. Angular has a feature of modularity, where a single application is built by separating it in many modules. 

Component is a core part of the code and it belongs to the controller class. View of the application and logic on the page and on-click execution depends upon the component. The view of the component is defined with a template. To display value, we add template expressions into the code. CSS stylesheets can be connected with a component using encapsulated inline styles.

Metadata is used to extend the functionality of the class. To define any component in the Angular app, we can use metadata of the class (i.e. @Component decorator).

Data Binding is the most powerful feature of Angular 2. It is a bridge between Model and View, that is automatically synchronized. The framework supports three types of binding: source-to-view ( property, attribute, interpolation, class, style binding ), view-to-source ( event binding ), and two-way binding.

Dependency Injection enables attaching the functionality of components at runtime. With dependency injection, components can be easily maintainable, reusable, and testable.

Vue.js

Vue.js is a JavaScript framework that JS developers use for building user interfaces and single-page applications. Vue.js is easily integrated into web development projects using other JavaScript libraries. This progressive JavaScript framework was created in 2013 by Google’s software engineer Evan You. He was aiming at providing developers a ready-made solution for fast prototyping of complex user interfaces of web apps.

Vue.js allows developers to code in a highly reusable way. We can create components that we use as “HTML-like” tags in the page, bind data, functions, and other properties to every component. Instead of writing all of our HTML code inside an HTML file, we mix it with JavaScript (Vue.js) adding interactive elements and providing efficiency. The use of components, the implementation of the virtual DOM, and the declarative rendering are its core concepts. They make Vue.js a powerful app development tool. 

Vue.js provides built-in data binding. It makes configuration much easier compared to other JS frameworks. Vue supports easier integration with HTML elements, and it is much easier to understand, to learn, and to use. However, this Javascript framework is still new to the market, although fast-growing, and doesn’t provide lots of useful solutions and resources. Vue has less community support than React and Angular technologies.

Node.js

Node.js is not just a framework, but a platform that allows to run JavaScript scripts outside the browser and execute it on the server-side. JavaScript coders can produce backend applications with Node JS. It is well-scalable as it relies on the non-blocking I/O model. 

This platform was designed to easily develop fast and scalable web applications. It is a perfect solution for the creation of applications that require a continuous connection from the browser to the server. This server environment represents a “JavaScript everywhere” paradigm, which is written in JavaScript as well as C/C++. It is lightweight and efficient for data-intensive real-time apps. Node JS is often used to build real-time apps such as news feeds, chat, and push notifications.

Before Node.js was created, JavaScript language could be used only for frontend development. Software developers had to use a different programming language for server-side, and backend and frontend coding were dispatched in two flows. NodeJS makes JavaScript a full-stack application development language.

JS codes can now create both front-end and back-end of an application in one common programming language, JavaScript. The development environment helps to automate routine tasks and make the app deployment faster and more efficient.

Javascript framework market share 

JavaScript framework market share alters periodically, so when you ask which Javascript framework should I use for a custom software development project, there is no single right answer. While Vue Js is often said to be the most comfortable javascript framework to learn and use, Angular remains quite popular during the last several years, yet complicated. 

Choosing a Javascript framework should depend on your business and the specifics of the software projects you want to develop. If you are looking for expert advice in the field or you need the React, Vue, Angular, or Node JS programmers for your app development, do not hesitate to get in touch with Elitex.

Related posts

Top-10 Global Companies Using JavaScript

Share via:

Today no one would question the importance of Javascript for website and app… Read More back-arrow

Top-10 Javascript Development Companies

Share via:

Today no one would question what you can do with Javascript, as this… Read More back-arrow

What JavaScript Experts Should Know

Share via:

When you think of your perfect Javascript developer, what knowledge do you… Read More back-arrow

Top-5 Reasons to Hire an Outsourced Dedicated Development Team

Share via:

When it comes to finding a robust and reliable tech vendor for software… Read More back-arrow